Earth

Earth

The Earth is a rocky planet with a solid crust and oxygen in its atmosphere.

Geography

Keywords

Earth, planet, rocky planet, Moon, Solar System, Sun, axis of rotation, geoid, rotation, orbit, circulatory system, geosphere, crust, lithosphere, mantle, core, atmosphere, biosphere, Arctic Circle, Tropic of Cancer, Equator, Tropic of Capricorn, Antarctic Circle, tide, seasons, geography

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Formation of the Earth and Moon

This animation demonstrates how the Earth and the Moon were formed.

Structure of the Earth (intermediate)

The Earth is composed of several spherical layers.

The life-cycle of the Solar System

The formation of the Sun and the planets started with the contraction of a dust cloud about 4.5 billion years ago.

Topography of the Earth

The animation presents the largest mountains, plains, rivers, lakes and deserts of the Earth.

Continental drift on a geological timescale

The Earth's continents have been in constant motion during the history of the planet.

Globe

The Globe in various three-dimensional views.

Our astronomical neighbourhood

A demonstration of nearby planets, stars and galaxies.

Planets, sizes

The inner planets of the Solar System are terrestrial planets while the outer planets are gas giants.

Seafloor map

The boundaries of tectonic plates can be seen on the seafloor.

Seas and bays

This animation demonstrates the most important seas and bays.

The Moon

The Moon is the Earth's only natural satellite

Climate zones

The Earth is divided into geographical and climatic zones, which result in the zonation of vegetation.

Continents and oceans

Dry land on the surface of Earth is divided into continents which are separated by oceans.

Geographic coordinate system

The geographic coordinate system enables every location on the Earth to be exactly specified.

Geographic coordinate system (basic)

The system of circles of latitude and longitude on the globe enable every location on the Earth to be exactly specified.

Interesting astronomy facts

This animation presents some interesting facts in the field of astronomy.

Interesting geography facts – Physical geography

This animation presents some interesting facts in physical geography.

Kepler´s laws of planetary motion

The three important laws describing planetary motion were formulated by Johannes Kepler.

Milky Way

The diameter of our galaxy is about 100,000 light years; it contains more than 100 billion stars, one of which is our Sun.

Structure of Earth (elementary)

The Earth is composed of several spherical layers.

The Earth’s magnetic field

The Earth’s magnetic North and South poles are located near the geographic North and South poles.

The science of Santa Claus

Every year, Santa Claus brings gifts to nearly 600 million children on Christmas Eve. Let's see what physical facts make his job harder.

The Solar System; planetary orbits

The orbits of the 8 planets in our Solar System are elliptical.

The Sun

The diameter of the Sun is about 109 times that of the Earth. Most of its mass consists of hydrogen.

The Sun's path above the major circles of latitude

The apparent movement of the Sun is caused by the Earth's rotation around its axis.

Volcanic activity

This animation demonstrates different types of volcanic eruptions

Altitudinal zonation

In mountainous areas the climate, soil properties, the flora and fauna change depending on elevation.

Earthquake

An earthquake is one of the most devastating natural phenomena.

Interesting geography facts – Social geography

This animation presents some interesting facts in social geography.

Jupiter

Jupiter is the largest planet of the Solar System, it has two and a half times the mass of all the other planets combined.

Mars

Possible traces of water and life are sought on Mars.

Mercury

Mercury is innermost and smallest planet of the Solar System.

Neptune

Neptune is the outermost planet of the Solar System, the smallest of the giant planets

Pluto - Charon system

The largest satellite of Pluto is Charon.

Saturn

Saturn is the second largest planet in the Solar System, easily recognisable by its rings.

The Cassini-Huygens Mission (1997-2017)

The Cassini spacecraft was exploring Saturn and its moons for nearly 20 years.

Uranus

Uranus is the 7th planet from the Sun, a gas giant.

Venus

Venus is the 2nd planet from the Sun, the brightest object on the night sky (after the Moon).

Mars Exploration Program

Space probes and Mars rovers examine the structure of Mars and possible traces of life.

Moon landing: 20 July 1969

Neil Armstrong, one of the crew members of Apollo 11 was the first man to set foot on the Moon.

The Dawn mission

Studying Ceres and Vesta will help us learn more about the early history of the Solar System and how rocky planets are formed.

The New Horizons mission

The New Horizons space probe was launched in 2006, with the objective to study Pluto and the Kuiper Belt.

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