Terms of physical geography

Terms of physical geography

This animation demonstrates the most important relief features, surface waters and their relevant symbols.

Geography

Keywords

physical geography, concepts, relief features, surface waters, topography, highland, lowland, Great Hungarian Plain, mountains of medium height, high mountains, river, still waters, ocean, sea, lake, topographic symbols, hydrographic symbols, elevation, surface water, natural environment, hydrography, topographic representation, nature, geography

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Scenes

  • - Landforms with elevation of 200–500 m (656–1,640 ft). They are lower than mountains, and form an undulating terrain.
  • - An extensive, flat area of land with an elevation of 0–200 m (0–656 ft).
  • - A large, mainly level area of land at an elevation above 200 m (656 ft).
  • - Elevations of the Earth’s surface rising abruptly, higher than 1,500 meters (4,921 feet) above sea level.
  • - Elevations of the Earth’s surface, reaching heights of 500–1,500 meters (1,640–4,921 feet) above sea level.

  • - Elevated landforms bordered by slopes, not exceeding 500 meters (1,640 feet) in height.
  • - A natural, at least 2 meters (6.5 feet) long underground chamber, especially in a hillside or cliff.
  • - Natural elevated landforms bordered by slopes exceeding 500 meters (1,640 feet) in height.

  • - Man-made channels for water transportation or drainage.

  • harbor
  • - Man-made channels for water transportation or drainage.

  • - Landforms with elevation of 200–500 m (656–1,640 ft). They are lower than mountains, and form an undulating terrain.
  • - An extensive, flat area of land with an elevation of 0–200 m (0–656 ft).
  • - A large, mainly level area of land at an elevation above 200 m (656 ft).
  • - Elevations of the Earth’s surface rising abruptly, higher than 1,500 meters (4,921 feet) above sea level.
  • - Elevations of the Earth’s surface, reaching heights of 500–1,500 meters (1,640–4,921 feet) above sea level.
  • harbor
  • - Man-made channels for water transportation or drainage.
  • - Elevated landforms 500–1,500 meters (1,640–4,921 feet) above sea level.
  • - Elevated landforms with peaks reaching heights of over 1,500 meters (4,921 feet) above sea level.
  • - An extensive, flat area of land with an elevation of 0–200 m (0–656 ft).
  • - Landforms with elevation of 200–500 m (656–1,640 ft). They are lower than mountains, and form an undulating terrain.

Narration

A knowledge of the terms and symbols in physical geography is essential for topographical orientation. We categorize types of terrains, or land relief, according to their height above sea level, that is, their elevation. Based on elevation, we can distinguish between plains, hills and mountains.

The types of plains, hills and mountains vary greatly, as you can see in the animation.

We distinguish two types of surface waters: still waters and watercourses. Still waters include lakes, seas and oceans, while watercourses include streams and rivers.

Surface waters create various types of relief features, including confluences, straits, reefs and waterfalls. There are also man-made structures such as dams, ports and canals.

The purpose of topographic representation is to aid in orientation; this requires the representation of elevation. The most illustrative way to represent elevation in world maps, school atlases, wall maps and hydrographic maps is the use of colors.
Waters are blue, plains are green, hills are light brown and mountains are brown on maps. A darker shade of brown indicates an increase in elevation, while in the case of green and blue colors, darker shades represent an increase in depth.

Numerous topographic and hydrographic symbols are used to denote landforms and surface waters, respectively.

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