Eiffel Tower (Paris, 1889)

Eiffel Tower (Paris, 1889)

The iron lattice tower, erected for the 1889 World Fair, became the symbol of the capital city of France.

History

Keywords

Eiffel, tower, metal tower, World Heritage, Paris, France, architecture, World Fair, iron lattice, symbol, observation deck, sign

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Scenes

  • 324 m (1,063 ft)
  • 125 m (410 ft)

"The Old Lady" and "The Ugliness" of Paris

Gustave Eiffel, the architect of the Eiffel tower, was a knight of the French Legion of Honor and a member of the French Academy. The public opinion has always been split regarding his work. While the fans call it "The Old Lady," its opponents refer to it as "The Ugliness." (Every now and then extreme opinions are also expressed according to which the tower should be demolished or blown up.) However, the tower stands firmly and proudly, and today it is one of the world's most famous and most visited buildings.

The tower under construction

The icon of Paris, a wonder of design and technology

The iron lattice tower, built for the Paris World Fair of 1889, is one of the symbols of the capital city of France. The construction was named after its architect, Gustave Eiffel.

It took 26 months to build the 300-meter-tall (984-foot-tall) architectural wonder. From its inauguration on May 15, 1889 until 1930, the tower was the tallest construction in the world. The tower has a surface area of 3.95 acres and weighs 9,700 tonnes. Its structure is made up of 12,000 elements held together by 2.5 million rivets. 1,710 steps lead to the top.

Gustave Eiffel

The tower - bottom view

  • - Souvenir shops and a cafeteria are found here. The names of 72 French academics are engraved on the border of the tower's first-floor gallery. It is located at a height of 57 m (187 ft).
  • - The stairs which are open to the public go up to this floor. The view from this floor is spectacular. It is located at a height of 115 m (377 ft).
  • - Visitors can only come up here using the lift. Gustav Eiffel's office is also found here. It is located a height of 276 m (906 ft).
  • - There are a total of 120 of them at the top. They increase the height of the tower by 24 m (79 ft).

Narration

This amazing tower is located in Paris, the capital of France, on the Champ de Mars near the river Seine. It was built by Gustave Eiffel's engineering company for the Paris World Fair of 1889 and it still bears his name. Construction of the tower began in early 1887 and was completed by deadline, in the year of the 100th anniversary of the French Revolution.

Upon its completion, the tower was unique in height, structure, and construction technique as well as in terms of the short amount of time needed for its construction.

The monumental tower is 300 meters (984 feet) tall, with a 24-meter-tall (79-foot-tall) broadcasting antenna added later to the top. Until the inauguration of the Chrysler Building in New York in 1930, the tower was the world's tallest structure. While its iron structure consisting of 12,000 elements weights about 7,300 tonnes, the total weight of the tower is estimated at around ten thousand tonnes.

Despite the fact that the Eiffel Tower was intended to be a temporary structure, it managed to survive the turbulent times of the 20th century. It became one of the symbols of both the French capital and the entire country, even though public opinion has always been split over it. Of course, the "Old Lady of Paris" does not care about this, gladly receiving its visitors. By now, more than 250 million people have visited the tower since its construction.

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