Propane (C₃H₈)

The third member in the homologous series of straight-chain alkanes.

Fluorine (F₂)

The lightest halogen, a pale yellow-green, toxic gas, extremely reactive. Its best known compound is teflon.

Beta-D-ribose (C₅H₁₀O₅)

A crystalline compound found in nucleic acids, coenzymes, nucleotides and nucleosides.

Cyclohexane (C₆H₁₂)

A colorless liquid, easily solved by organic solvents but not by water.

Genome editing

Genome editing is a type of genetical engineering which results in changes in the genome of a living organism. This animation introduces one of the best...

Glycylglycine (C₄H₈N₂O₃)

The simplest peptide, formed from two glycine molecules by a peptide bond.

Glycerol (propane-1,2,3-triol) (C₃H₈O₃)

A triol that is often used as an ingredient of creams and ointments.

Ethanol (ethyl alcohol) (C₂H₅OH)

The best known alcohol, important in the food industry.

Boron trifluoride (BF₃)

Colorless, heavier-than-air gas with a pungent odor. It forms white fumes in moist air.

Ammonia (NH₃)

Ammonia is a colorless gas with a characteristic pungent smell. Its solution in water is called ammonium hydroxide or household ammonia.

Oleic acid (cis-octadec-9-enoic acid) (C₁₇H₃₃COOH)

An unsaturated monocarboxylic acid. The molecule contains double bond in cis orientation.

Hydrogen-fluoride (HF)

One of the hydrogen halides, a highly aggressive substance - it even attacks glass.

Iodine (I₂)

A solid, gray substance which sublimates when heated. Its solution in alcohol is called tincture of iodine, it is a disinfectant.

Naphtalene (C₁₀H₈)

The simplest polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon.

Methane (CH₄)

The first member in the homologous series of alkanes.

Methanol (methyl alcohol) (CH₃OH)

The simplest saturated alcohol. A highly toxic compound, easily confusable with ethanol.

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