Medical conditions of the spine

Scoliosis is a medical condition in which a person's spine has a lateral deviation.

The urinary system

The urinary system serves for the removal of harmful and useless materials from the body.

Bones of the lower limbs

Bones of the lower limbs are connected to the trunk by the pelvis.

The skull and the spine

The two main parts of the central nervous system, the brain and the spinal cord are protected by the skull and the spinal column.

Muscles of the upper arm

The arms are moved by flexor and extensor muscles.

Limbic system

The limbic system plays an important role in forming emotions and in learning.

Thyroid gland

An important endocrine gland producing hormones that affect metabolism and the calcium balance of the body.

Palaeolithic cave

The first dwellings in human history provide a lot of information about the lifestyle of our ancestors.

Tanning, skin cancer

The topmost layer of our skin is the epidermis, which contains melanocytes.

Cortical organisation of speech

Producing speech requires the synchronised operation of several cortical centres.

Vision correction

Concave and convex lenses are used for the correction of short-sightedness and far-sightedness.

The upper gastrointestinal tract

During swallowing food travels from the mouth cavity into the stomach.

Knee joint

The knee joint is made up by the femur, the tibia and the kneecap.

Tooth brushing

Careful tooth brushing is an important part of oral hygiene.

Female reproductive system (intermediate)

The reproductive system is a series of organs working together for the purpose of reproduction.

Gametes

The zygote is the initial cell formed when two gamete cells are joined by means of sexual reproduction.

Patellar reflex

The reflex triggered by the stretching of the thigh extensor muscle is the patellar reflex.

Types of synovial joints

Synovial joints can be categorised by the direction of movement they allow.

Types of surface epithelium

Surface epithelia cover the external and internal surfaces of the body

Male reproductive system

The reproductive system consists of organs which work together for the purpose of reproduction.

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