Trichloromethane, chloroform (CHCl₃)

Trichloromethane, chloroform (CHCl₃)

Also known as chloroform, used as a solvent in laboratories, earlier as an anaesthetic.

Chemistry

Keywords

trichloromethane, chloroform, alkyl halide, halogen containing organic compound, anesthesia, phosgene, substitution reaction, organic chemistry, molecule, chemistry

Related items

Carbon tetrachloride (CCl₄)

Colourless, toxic liquid with a sweet odour.

Chlorination of methane by a substitution reaction

During the substitution reaction the hydrogen atoms of methane are substituted with chlorine atoms, the by-product is hydrogen chloride.

Dichloromethane (CH₂Cl₂)

It is produced by treating methane with chlorine gas and used as a solvent.

Chloromethane (methyl-chloride) (CH₃Cl)

Chloromethane can be prepared by heating a mixture of methane and chlorine.

Methane (CH₄)

The first member in the homologous series of alkanes.

Chlorine (Cl₂)

A yellow-green toxic gas with a strong odour, one of the halogens.

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