The Moon

The Moon

The Moon is the Earth's only natural satellite



Moon, formation of the Moon, satellite, Earth, Solar System, orbit of the Moon, orbital plane, astronomy, orbital period, physical, surface of the Moon, moon phase, moon, geography, physics

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Formation of the Earth and Moon

This animation demonstrates how the Earth and the Moon were formed.

Lunar eclipse

Lunar eclipses occur when the Moon passes through the shadow cone of Earth

Phases of the Moon

During its orbit around the Earth, the visibility of the Moon's illuminated part constantly changes.


The rise and drop of sea levels caused by the gravitational force of the Moon.

Apollo 15 mission (Lunar Rover)

The animation shows the two-seater Lunar Rover used in the Apollo 15 mission


The Earth is a rocky planet with a solid crust and oxygen in its atmosphere.

Moon landing: 20 July 1969

Neil Armstrong, one of the crew members of Apollo 11 was the first man to set foot on the Moon.


Jupiter is the largest planet of the Solar System, it has two and a half times the mass of all the other planets combined.

Measuring time

The first calendars and time-measuring instruments were already used by ancient Eastern civilisations.

Satellite types

Satellites orbiting the Earth can be used for civilian or military purposes.

Solar eclipse

When the Sun, Earth, and the Moon are arranged in a straight line, the Moon can partially or completely obscure the Sun.

Sputnik 1 (1957)

The Soviet-made satellite was the first spacecraft to be launched into outer space (in October 1957).

The life-cycle of the Solar System

The formation of the Sun and the planets started with the contraction of a dust cloud about 4.5 billion years ago.

Interesting astronomy facts

This animation presents some interesting facts in the field of astronomy.

Moon radar experiment (Zoltán Bay, 1946)

In 1946 a Hungarian scientist was the first person to detect radar echoes from the Moon.

The Solar System; planetary orbits

The orbits of the 8 planets in our Solar System are elliptical.

The Sun

The diameter of the Sun is about 109 times that of the Earth. Most of its mass consists of hydrogen.

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