The ingenius water pump designed by Al-Jazari is a great example of the creativity of Medieval Arab engineers.
Ancient Egypt was called the ‘gift of the Nile’, since the river played an important role in the rise of Egyptian civilisation.
The excellent road and aqueduct system covering the whole empire reflects well the development of the Roman civilisation.
The screw pump commonly attributed to Archimedes made irrigation much more effective
Inhabitants of the northern part of the Netherlands have successfully fought the sea since the Middle Ages.
A medieval glider constructed by Abbas Ibn Firnas.
The round tower of the largest fort in the Arabian Peninsula had an ingenious defence system.
River locks make rivers with great level differences safe for boating.
The medieval Arab inventor, Hassan Al Rammah designed the world's first operating torpedo.
Caliphs, considered successors of the Prophet Muhammad, were the most important religious leaders of Islam.