Oil tankers appeared in the late 19th century; today they are among the largest ships.
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Ports must provide necessary infrastructure and services for industry and marine transport.
Commercial maritime routes of container ships form a global network.
The animation presents the main air, water and land routes and transport hubs.
Lighthouses are used as an aid to navigation in coastal waters.
A long pipe in the centre of the tower penetrates the ocean bed until it reaches the layer that contains oil.
The products of oil refining include diesel oil, petrol and lubricants.
Machinery that pumps crude oil to the surface
The Panama Canal is an artificial waterway created to shorten shipping routes between the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean.
The Suez Canal is an artificial waterway connecting the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea.
The largest ocean liner at the time of its construction.
The Channel Tunnel is a 50.5 km long railway tunnel between the United Kingdom and France, beneath the English Channel.
HMS Dreadnought revolutionised battleship-building in the 20th century.
A bireme is a type of ancient warship, with a characteristic pointed bow and two decks of oars, used by many armies.
A sailing vessel with characteristic lugsails used for both military and trade purposes.
The first paddle steamer in Hungary entered service in 1846.
Robert Fulton American engineer created the first operational steam-powered ship.
Schooners, first built in the Netherlands in the 17th century, were mainly used as merchant ships.
Christopher Columbus' three-masted carrack, the Santa Maria was the flagship of his first, landmark voyage.
RMS Titanic was the largest passenger ship at the beginning of the 20th century.
The battleship USS Missouri, first deployed during WWII was also deployed in the Gulf War.
Nuclear propulsion was first used by the US Navy for powering submarines in the mid-20th century.
From the 1940s, the increasingly large aircraft carriers became the masters of the oceans.