Formic acid is the simplest carboxylic acid.
The simplest saturated alcohol. A highly toxic compound, easily confusable with ethanol.
During the substitution reaction the hydrogen atoms of methane are substituted with chlorine atoms, the by-product is hydrogen chloride.
The first member in the homologous series of alkanes.
The molecule has two enantiomers: stereoisomers that are mirror images of each other and are not superimposable.
An exercise about the groups and structure of oxo compounds.