Chlorination of methane by a substitution reaction
During the substitution reaction the hydrogen atoms of methane are substituted with chlorine atoms, the by-product is hydrogen chloride.
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The first member in the homologous series of alkanes.
Colourless, toxic liquid with a sweet odour.
It is produced by treating methane with chlorine gas and used as a solvent.
Also known as chloroform, used as a solvent in laboratories, earlier as an anaesthetic.
The molecule has two enantiomers: stereoisomers that are mirror images of each other and are not superimposable.
A yellow-green toxic gas with a strong odour, one of the halogens.
Chloromethane can be prepared by heating a mixture of methane and chlorine.
A colourless gas with a pungent odour, its solution in water is called hydrochloric acid.
The ester of formic acid and methanol, an aroma compound found in certain fruits.
Addition is a reaction in which the molecules of two or more substances unite without the formation of a by-product.
The dissolution of zinc in hydrochloric acid produces hydrogen gas.