Alkanes

Alkanes

Alkanes are saturated hydrocarbons which can be organised into a homologous series.

Chemistry

Keywords

alkane, saturated hydrocarbon, paraffin, methane, ethane, propane, butane, pentane, hexane, homologous series, open chain, branched chain, ringed, petroleum, natural gas, constitution, isomer, organic chemistry, chemistry

Related items

Butane (C₄H₁₀)

The fourth member in the homologous series of alkanes.

Ethane (C₂H₆)

The second member in the homologous series of straight-chain alkanes.

Hexane (C₆H₁₄)

The sixth member in the homologous series of straight-chain alkanes.

Methane (CH₄)

The first member in the homologous series of alkanes.

Pentane (C₅H₁₂)

The fifth member in the alkane homologous series. A colourless, combustible liquid.

Propane (C₃H₈)

The third member in the homologous series of straight-chain alkanes.

2,2 dimethylpropane (C₅H₁₂)

Colourless, odourless gas used as a standard in NMR spectroscopy.

2-methylbutane (C₅H₁₂)

One of the isomers of pentane, used as a solvent.

2-methylpropane (isobutane, C₄H₁₀)

An isomer of butane, a colourless, flammable gas.

Cyclohexane (C₆H₁₂)

A colourless liquid, easily solved by organic solvents but not by water.

Cyclopentane (C₅H₁₀)

Member of the cycloalkane homologous series.

1-butene (C₄H₈)

One of the isomers of butene.

Ethene (ethylene) (C₂H₄)

The first member in the homologous series of 1-alkenes.

Ethyne (acetylene) (C₂H₂)

The first member of the homologous series of alkyne hydrocarbons.

Prop-1-ene (C₃H₆)

The monomer of polypropylene.

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