Topography of the Earth

Topography of the Earth

The animation presents the largest mountains, plains, rivers, lakes and deserts of the Earth.

Geography

Keywords

topography, Earth, landform, hills, mountain range, plain, desert, river, lakes, map knowledge, hydrography, blank map, continent, border, map, Earth globe, physical geography, nature

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Scenes

  • - Length: 1,100 km (700 mi).
  • - Length: 4,800 km (3,000 mi).
  • - Length: 2,400 km (1,500 mi).
  • - Length: 7,000 km (4,300 mi); it is the longest mountain range on Earth.
  • - Length: 430 km (267 mi).
  • - Length: 1,200 km (750 mi).
  • - Length: 1,500 km (932 mi).
  • - Length: 2,400 km (1,500 mi).
  • - Length: 2,500 km (1,600 mi).
  • - Length: 1,500 km (932 mi).
  • - Length: 800 km (500 mi).
  • - Length: 2,500 km (1,600 mi).
  • - Length: 2,400 km (1,500 mi); Mount Everest (8,850 m or 20,029 ft), the Earth's highest peak is located here.
  • - Length: 2,000 km (1,243 mi).
  • - Length: 3,600 km (2,237 mi).

  • - Length: 3,760 km (2,336 mi), discharge: 17,000 m³/s (600,300 cu ft/s). It is the longest river in North America.
  • - Length: 1,730 km (1,075 mi), discharge: 9,700 m³/s (342,600 cu ft/s).
  • - Length: 6,430 km (3,995 mi), discharge: 209,000 m³/s (7,381,000 cu ft/s). It is the largest river by discharge of water on Earth.
  • - Length: 4,880 km (3,032 mi), discharge: 17,300 m³/s (610,900 cu ft/s).
  • - Length: 3,530 km (2,193 mi), discharge: 8,100 m³/s (286,000 cu ft/s).
  • - Length: 6,650 km (4,132 mi), discharge: 2,800 m³/s (98,880 cu ft/s). It is the longest river on Earth.
  • - Length: 4,700 km (2,920 mi), discharge: 41,000 m³/s (1,447,901 cu ft/s).
  • - Length: 4,200 km (2,610 mi), discharge: 5,600 m³/s (197,800 cu ft/s).
  • - Length: 3,650 km (2,268 mi), discharge: 12,400 m³/s (437,900 cu ft/s).
  • - Length: 3,490 km (2,169 mi), discharge: 19,600 m³/s (692,167 cu ft/s).
  • - Length: 2,820 km (1,752 mi), discharge: 11,000 m³/s (388,500 cu ft/s).
  • - Length: 5,460 km (3,393 mi), discharge: 2,600 m³/s (91,820 cu ft/s).
  • - Length: 6,300 km (3,915 mi), discharge: 30,200 m³/s (1,067,000 cu ft/s). It is the longest and largest river by discharge of water in Asia.
  • - Length: 4,350 km (2,703 mi), discharge: 14,800 m³/s (522,700 cu ft/s).
  • - Length: 2,530 km (1,572 mi), discharge: 770 m³/s (27,190 cu ft/s).

  • - Area: 31,000 km² (11,970 sq mi), water volume: 2,240 km³ (537 cu mi).
  • - Area: 28,500 km² (11,000 sq mi), water volume: 1,600 km³ (384 cu mi).
  • - Area: 24,500 km² (9,460 sq mi), water volume: 280 km³ (67 cu mi).
  • - Area: 82,100 km² (31,700 sq mi), water volume: 12,100 km³ (2,903 cu mi). It is the largest lake in North America.
  • - Area: 58,000 km² (22,390 sq mi), water volume: 4,900 km³ (1,180 cu mi).
  • - Area: 60,000 km² (23,170 sq mi), water volume: 3,540 km³ (849 cu mi).
  • - Area: 25,700 km² (9,923 sq mi), water volume: 480 km³ (116 cu mi).
  • - Area: 19,000 km² (7,340 sq mi), water volume: 1,640 km³ (393 cu mi).
  • - Area: 8,400 km² (3,243 sq mi), water volume: 900 km³ (216 cu mi).
  • - Area: 17,600 km² (6,795 sq mi), water volume: 840 km³ (202 cu mi).
  • - Area: 69,000 km² (26,640 sq mi), water volume: 2,700 km³ (648 cu mi). It is the largest lake by area in Africa.
  • - Area: 33,000 km² (12,740 sq mi), water volume: 18,900 km³ (4,500 cu mi). It is the largest lake by water volume in Africa.
  • - Area: 29,600 km² (11,400 sq mi), water volume: 7,800 km³ (1,871 cu mi).
  • - Area: 371,000 km² (143,200 sq mi), water volume: 78,200 km³ (18,800 cu mi). It is the largest inland body of water on Earth.
  • - Area: 3,300 km² (1,270 sq mi). The area of the lake reached nearly 70,000 km² (27,030 sq mi) in the 1960s, but it has been steadily shrinking since then.
  • - Area: 31,500 km² (12,160 sq mi), water volume: 23,600 km³ (5,662 cu mi). It is the deepest lake (1,637 m or 5,371 ft) on Earth.
  • - Area: 16,400 km² (6,300 sq mi), water volume: 112 km³ (27 cu mi).
  • - Area: 12,500 km² (4,830 sq mi), water volume: 5,400 km³ (1,300 cu mi).

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Terms of physical geography

This animation demonstrates the most important relief features, surface waters and their relevant symbols.

Continents and oceans

Dry land on the surface of Earth is divided into continents which are separated by oceans.

Seafloor map

The boundaries of tectonic plates can be seen on the seafloor.

Seas and bays

This animation demonstrates the most important seas and bays.

Altitudinal zonation

In mountainous areas the climate, soil properties, the flora and fauna change depending on elevation.

Climate zones

The Earth is divided into geographical and climatic zones, which result in the zonation of vegetation.

Continental drift on a geological timescale

The Earth's continents have been in constant motion during the history of the planet.

Earth

The Earth is a rocky planet with a solid crust and oxygen in its atmosphere.

Earthquake

An earthquake is one of the most devastating natural phenomena.

Faulting (intermediate)

Vertical forces can break up layers of rock into fault blocks, which then move vertically along the fracture planes.

How do seas shape the Earth's surface?

Seawater, as an external force, plays an important role in shaping coastlines.

Monsoon wind system

In summer, monsoon winds bring heavy rainfall from the ocean to the continent.

Relief map of China

An introduction to the relief and hydrography of China.

Structure of the Earth (intermediate)

The Earth is composed of several spherical layers.

Tectonic plates

Tectonic plates can move in relation to each other.

The development of lakes

Standing bodies of water can form in depressions on the surface by both endogenic and exogenic forces, as well as by human activity.

The Panama Canal

The Panama Canal is an artificial waterway created to shorten shipping routes between the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean.

The Suez Canal

The Suez Canal is an artificial waterway connecting the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea.

Volcanic activity

This animation demonstrates different types of volcanic eruptions.

Folding (intermediate)

Lateral compressive forces cause rocks to form folds. This is how fold mountains are formed.

Hotspots

Hotspots are areas of the Earth´s crust where magma often rises to the surface and causes volcanic activity.

Rivers and landforms

Rivers play an important role in shaping the Earth's surface: they cause erosion as well as carrying and depositing sediment.

Topographic map of Hungary

This animation demonstrates the geographical regions of Hungary.

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