Syrian water wheels (City of Hama, 13th century)
Medieval Syrian water wheels were used to convey water to distant areas.
Syrian, Hama, water wheel, water lifting device, water supply, Orontes, dam, sluice, blade, channel, river
- - As the wheel turned, water flowed into these parts, enclosed by the blades. They were designed so that the water could not spill out while traveling upwards, only when they reached the topmost point of the wheel did the water flow out through the hole into the channels of the aqueduct.
The ingenius water pump designed by Al-Jazari is a great example of the creativity of Medieval Arab engineers.
Ancient Egypt was called the ‘gift of the Nile’, since the river played an important role in the rise of Egyptian civilization.
The excellent road and aqueduct system covering the whole empire reflects well the development of the Roman civilization.
The screw pump commonly attributed to Archimedes made irrigation much more effective
Inhabitants of the northern part of the Netherlands have successfully fought the sea since the Middle Ages.
A medieval glider constructed by Abbas Ibn Firnas.
The round tower of the largest fort in the Arabian Peninsula had an ingenious defense system.
River locks make rivers with great level differences safe for boating.
The medieval Arab inventor, Hassan Al Rammah designed the world's first operating torpedo.
Caliphs, considered successors of the Prophet Muhammad, were the most important religious leaders of Islam.