Reaction of ammonia with hydrogen chloride
Ammonium chloride is the result of the reaction of ammonia and hydrogen chloride
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Ammonium chloride (also called Sal ammoniac) is an ammonium salt. Pure ammonium chloride is a white, air-stable, salty-bitter tasting substance, which crystallizes in a caesium chloride-type cubic crystal structure. Its dissolution in water results in a large decrease of temperature. In industrial volumes it is produced from ammonia and hydrogen chloride.
Uses: fertiliser (mixed with lime), flux in soldering metals, electrolyte in batteries. It is sometimes used on ski slopes at temperatures above 0 °C (32 °F) to harden the snow and slow its melting.
Ammonia is a colorless gas with a characteristic pungent smell. Its solution in water is called ammonium hydroxide or household ammonia.
A compound ion generated when a proton is added to an ammonia molecule.
A colorless gas with a pungent odor, its solution in water is called hydrochloric acid.
A colorless, odorless, non-reactive gas, it constitutes 78.1% of Earth´s atmosphere.
Large-scale ammonia production requires high temperature and pressure and the presence of iron as a catalyst.
The dissolution of zinc in hydrochloric acid produces hydrogen gas.