Reaction of ammonia with hydrogen chloride

Reaction of ammonia with hydrogen chloride

Ammonium chloride is the result of the reaction of ammonia and hydrogen chloride



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Ammonium chloride (also called Sal ammoniac) is an ammonium salt. Pure ammonium chloride is a white, air-stable, salty-bitter tasting substance, which crystallizes in a caesium chloride-type cubic crystal structure. Its dissolution in water results in a large decrease of temperature. In industrial volumes it is produced from ammonia and hydrogen chloride.

Uses: fertiliser (mixed with lime), flux in soldering metals, electrolyte in batteries. It is sometimes used on ski slopes at temperatures above 0 °C (32 °F) to harden the snow and slow its melting.

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Ammonia (NH₃)

Ammonia is a colorless gas with a characteristic pungent smell. Its solution in water is called ammonium hydroxide or household ammonia.

Ammonium ion (NH₄⁺)

A compound ion generated when a proton is added to an ammonia molecule.

Hydrogen chloride (HCl)

A colorless gas with a pungent odor, its solution in water is called hydrochloric acid.

Nitrogen (N₂) (intermediate)

A colorless, odorless, non-reactive gas, it constitutes 78.1% of Earth´s atmosphere.

Producing ammonia from nitrogen gas and hydrogen gas

Large-scale ammonia production requires high temperature and pressure and the presence of iron as a catalyst.

Reaction of zinc with hydrochloric acid

The dissolution of zinc in hydrochloric acid produces hydrogen gas.

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