Reaction of ammonia with hydrogen chloride

Reaction of ammonia with hydrogen chloride

Ammonium chloride is the result of the reaction of ammonia and hydrogen chloride

Chemistry

Keywords

ammonia, hydrogen chloride, chemical, reaction, acid-base reaction, fusion, proton transition, ammonia molecule, hydrogen chloride molecule, ammonium ion, chloride ion, ammonium chloride, sal ammoniac, molecule, crystallization, Brønsted, acidity, alkaline pH, pH neutral, pH, inorganic chemistry, chemistry

Related items

Scenes

Ammonium chloride (also called Sal ammoniac) is an ammonium salt. Pure ammonium chloride is a white, air-stable, salty-bitter tasting substance, which crystallizes in a caesium chloride-type cubic crystal structure. Its dissolution in water results in a large decrease of temperature. In industrial volumes it is produced from ammonia and hydrogen chloride.

Uses: fertiliser (mixed with lime), flux in soldering metals, electrolyte in batteries. It is sometimes used on ski slopes at temperatures above 0 °C (32 °F) to harden the snow and slow its melting.

Related items

Ammonia (NH₃)

Ammonia is a colorless gas with a characteristic pungent smell. Its solution in water is called ammonium hydroxide or household ammonia.

Ammonium ion (NH₄⁺)

A compound ion generated when a proton is added to an ammonia molecule.

Hydrogen chloride (HCl)

A colorless gas with a pungent odor, its solution in water is called hydrochloric acid.

Nitrogen (N₂) (intermediate)

A colorless, odorless, non-reactive gas, it constitutes 78.1% of Earth´s atmosphere.

Producing ammonia from nitrogen gas and hydrogen gas

Large-scale ammonia production requires high temperature and pressure and the presence of iron as a catalyst.

Reaction of zinc with hydrochloric acid

The dissolution of zinc in hydrochloric acid produces hydrogen gas.

Added to your cart.