Continents and oceans

Continents and oceans

Dry land on the surface of Earth is divided into continents which are separated by oceans.

Geography

Keywords

continent, dry land, ocean, Earth, Africa, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America, South America, Antarctic, Pacific Ocean, Atlanti-óceán, Indian Ocean, map, world map, Earth globe, sea, World Ocean, geography

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Continent:
A large, contiguous area of land surrounded by oceans and seas. The separation of continents is not always obvious, geological and socio-geographical definitions may be different.

Africa:
The second largest continent on Earth, its area is 30.3 million km² (11.7 million sq mi). It is bordered by the Strait of Gibraltar, Mediterranean Sea to the North; the Gulf of Aden, the Indian Ocean, the Suez Canal and the Red Sea to the East; and the Atlantic Ocean to the West.

Antarctica:
The fifth largest continent, its area is 13.2 million km² (5.097 million sq mi). It is surrounded by the Southern Ocean.


Australia and Oceania:
Area: 8.8 million km² (3.398 million sq mi). Australia, New-Zealand, Papua New Guinea and the Pacific Islands also belong to the continent. It is bordered by the Indian Ocean to the West, and by the Pacific Ocean in all other directions.

Asia:
The largest continent, its area is 44.4 million km² (17.14 million sq mi). It covers 8.7% of the Earth´s total surface, and 30% of its land area. Asia and Europe together form the Eurasian supercontinent, Asia occupying 4/5 of the landmass. It extends about 11,000 km (6,835 mi) N-S, and 9,000 km (5,592 mi) E-W.
Asia is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the North, The Pacific Ocean and its marginal seas to the East, Australia and Oceania to the South-East, the Indian Ocean to the South, the Red Sea, the Suez Canal, the Mediterranean Sea to the South-West, the Black Sea, the North Caucasus, the Caspian Sea, the Ural river and the Ural Mountains to the West.
However, socio-geographically Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia and Turkey are often considered as parts of Europe, since its North-western part (beyond the straits) geographically belongs to Europe.

South America:
Its area is 17.84 million km² (6.888 million sq mi). It is bordered by the Caribbean Sea to the North, the Atlantic Ocean to the East, the Pacific Ocean to the West and the Isthmus of Panama to the North-West.

North America:
The third largest continent. Its area is 24.5 million km² (9.46 million sq mi). It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the North, the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea to the East, and the Pacific Ocean to the West.

Europe:
The second smallest continent, its area is 10.4 million km² (4.015 million sq mi). Asia and Europe together form the Eurasian supercontinent, Europe occupying 1/5 of the landmass. It is bordered by the Arctic sea to the North, the Ural Mountains, the Ural River and the Caspian Sea to the East, the Caucasus and the Black Sea to the South-west, the Mediterranean Sea to the South, the Atlantic Ocean to the West. However, socio-geographically Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia and Turkey are often considered as parts of Europe, since its North-western part (beyond the straits) geographically belongs to Europe. (Greenland, which geographically belongs to North America, socio-geographically belongs to Europe, since it is part of the Kingdom of Denmark).

Ocean:
A part of the World Ocean, a vast, deep, flowing body of saltwater (Atlantic Ocean, Pacific Ocean, Indian Ocean, Southern Ocean, Arctic Ocean).

Atlantic Ocean:
It covers 20% of the Earth´s surface, its area is 85.1 million km² (32.86 million sq mi). It covers 20% of the Earth´s surface. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the North, Europe and Africa to the East and the Americas to the West.

Pacific Ocean:
The largest ocean on the Earth, covering 35% of its surface (larger than the total land area). Its area is 168.8 million km² (65.17 million sq mi). It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Americas to the East, the Southern Ocean to the South, Asia and Australia to the West.

Southern Ocean:
The southernmost part of the World Ocean, bordered to the north by the 60° South latitude. It surrounds Antarctica; its area is 22 million km² (8.494 million sq mi).

Indian Ocean:
Its area is 70.5 million km² (27.22 million sq mi; 2.5 times the size of Africa). It is bordered by Asia to the North, the Sunda Islands and Australia to the East, the Southern Ocean to the South and Africa to the West.

Arctic Ocean:
The smallest ocean, its area 15.5 million km² (5.985 million sq mi). It is almost totally enclosed by continents (Eurasia and North America) and islands. It is separated from the Pacific Ocean by the Bering Strait, from the Atlantic Ocean by the Greenland Sea.

Continent:
A large, contiguous area of land surrounded by oceans and seas. The separation of continents is not always obvious, geological and socio-geographical definitions may be different.

Africa:
The second largest continent on Earth, its area is 30.3 million km² (11.7 million sq mi). It is bordered by the Strait of Gibraltar, Mediterranean Sea to the North; the Gulf of Aden, the Indian Ocean, the Suez Canal and the Red Sea to the East; and the Atlantic Ocean to the West.

Antarctica:
The fifth largest continent, its area is 13.2 million km² (5.097 million sq mi). It is surrounded by the Southern Ocean.


Australia and Oceania:
Area: 8.8 million km² (3.398 million sq mi). Australia, New-Zealand, Papua New Guinea and the Pacific Islands also belong to the continent. It is bordered by the Indian Ocean to the West, and by the Pacific Ocean in all other directions.

Asia:
The largest continent, its area is 44.4 million km² (17.14 million sq mi). It covers 8.7% of the Earth´s total surface, and 30% of its land area. Asia and Europe together form the Eurasian supercontinent, Asia occupying 8% of the landmass. It extends about 11,000 km (6,835 mi) N-S, and 9,000 km (5,592 mi) E-W.
Asia is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the North, The Pacific Ocean and its marginal seas to the East, Australia and Oceania to the South-East, the Indian Ocean to the South, the Red Sea, the Suez Canal, the Mediterranean Sea to the South-West, the Black Sea, the North Caucasus, the Caspian Sea, the Ural river and the Ural Mountains to the West.
However, socio-geographically Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia and Turkey are often considered as parts of Europe, since its North-western part (beyond the straits) geographically belongs to Europe.

South America:
Its area is 17.84 million km² (6.888 million sq mi). It is bordered by the Caribbean Sea to the North, the Atlantic Ocean to the East, the Pacific Ocean to the West and the Isthmus of Panama to the North-West.

North America:
The third largest continent. Its area is 24.5 million km² (9.46 million sq mi). It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the North, the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea to the East, and the Pacific Ocean to the West.

Europe:
The second smallest continent, its area is 10.4 million km² (4.015 million sq mi). Asia and Europe together form the Eurasian supercontinent, Europe occupying 1/5 of the landmass. It is bordered by the Arctic sea to the North, the Ural Mountains, the Ural River and the Caspian Sea to the East, the Caucasus and the Black Sea to the South-west, the Mediterranean Sea to the South, the Atlantic Ocean to the West. However, socio-geographically Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia and Turkey are often considered as parts of Europe, since its North-western part (beyond the straits) geographically belongs to Europe. (Greenland, which geographically belongs to North America, socio-geographically belongs to Europe, since it is part of the Kingdom of Denmark).

Ocean:
A part of the World Ocean, a vast, deep, flowing body of saltwater (Atlantic Ocean, Pacific Ocean, Indian Ocean, Southern Ocean, Arctic Ocean).

Atlantic Ocean:
It covers 20% of the Earth´s surface, its area is 85.1 million km² (32.86 million sq mi). It covers 20% of the Earth´s surface. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the North, Europe and Africa to the East and the Americas to the West.

Pacific Ocean:
The largest ocean on the Earth, covering 35% of its surface (larger than the total land area). Its area is 168.8 million km² (65.17 million sq mi). It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Americas to the East, the Southern Ocean to the South, Asia and Australia to the West.

Southern Ocean:
The southernmost part of the World Ocean, bordered to the north by the 60° South latitude. It surrounds Antarctica; its area is 22 million km² (8.494 million sq mi).

Indian Ocean:
Its area is 70.5 million km² (27.22 million sq mi; 2.5 times the size of Africa). It is bordered by Asia to the North, the Sunda Islands and Australia to the East, the Southern Ocean to the South and Africa to the West.

Arctic Ocean:
The smallest ocean, its area is 15.5 million km² (5.985 million sq mi). It is almost totally enclosed by continents (Eurasia and North America) and islands. It is separated from the Pacific Ocean by the Bering Strait, from the Atlantic Ocean by the Greenland Sea.

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