One of the halogens, it may cause skin irritation.
bromine, homonuclear molecule, halogen, nonpolar, covalent bond, single bond, sigma bond, toxic, bromine water, unsaturation, bromide ion, chemistry
Molar mass: 159.82 g/mol
Melting point: -7.25 °C (18.95 °F)
Boiling point: 59.5 °C (139.1 °F)
Density (at 0°C or 32 °F): 3.187 g/cm³ (0.115 lb/in³)
Bromine is a pungent, reddish brown, volatile liquid, one of the halogens. It is weakly soluble in water; its aqueous solution is called bromine water. It is toxic, causing ulcers on the skin.
Occurrence and production
Bromine occurs in small quantities in the Earth´s crust. Bromides usually occur together with chlorides; they can be found in seawater. In industrial quantities, bromide is produced by oxidizing bromide ions with chlorine.
Certain bromine-containing organic compounds are used in the manufacture of pesticides, flame retardants, dyes and medicines. Bromine water is used to test the unsaturation of compounds.
Addition is a reaction in which the molecules of two or more substances unite without the formation of a by-product.
One of the hydrogen halides, it is used for the production of alkyl bromides.
A yellow-green toxic gas with a strong odor, one of the halogens.
Halogen elements are a group in the periodic table consisting of five chemically related elements, fluorine, chlorine, bromine, iodine, and astatine.
The lightest halogen, a pale yellow-green, toxic gas, extremely reactive. Its best known compound is teflon.
A solid, gray substance which sublimates when heated. Its solution in alcohol is called tincture of iodine, it is a disinfectant.
A solid, gray substance which sublimates when heated. Its solution in alcohol is called ´tincture of iodine´, it is a disinfectant.