Battle of Lepanto (1571)
The Ottoman fleet suffered a catastrophic defeat by the fleet of the Holy League.
Lepanto, naval battle, Battle of Lepanto, Ali Pasha, Don Juan de Austria, Gulf of Patras, Ottoman Empire, Holy League, battle, fleet
- Center Division
- Center Division
Stage 1 (October 7, 1571)
The fleet of the Christian Holy League and the Ottoman fleet fought near the port of Lepanto, in the Gulf of Patras, on the coast of present-day Greece. Both fleets consisted of 4 main divisions: left, right and center divisions and the reserve. While Ali Pasha, the Ottoman admiral did not leave many galleys in reserve, Don Juan of Austria, leader of the Christian fleet placed great emphasis on this division too.
The fleets participating in the huge battle were about the same size, with over 200 ships in both. However, the firepower of the Christian fleet with nearly twice as many cannons and the outstanding qualities of the Admiral, gave the fleet superiority.
Stage 2 (October 7, 1571)
Less experienced in naval warfare, Ali Pasha hastily ordered the start of the attack. At the beginning of the battle, the galleys of the Ottoman center wing broke through the line of the 6 Christian galleasses and the Ottoman right division also gained superiority over the left division of the Christian fleet. However, the Christian Reserve repulsed the attack, and the flagship of the Ottoman Center, with the admiral on board, was lost. After losing their admiral, the Ottoman fleet became confused. The Christian galleys gained superiority in the general melee and Ottoman ships gradually surrendered.
Stage 3 (October 7, 1571)
The fleeing Ottoman galleys distracted their own units still in battle; nor could the Center Division keep up. The previously effective Ottoman Left Division then escaped the hopeless struggle. The Ottoman fleet suffered several times more losses than the Holy League. Many of their galleys were also captured and held by the Christians. The battle, one of the largest naval battles ever to be fought on the Mediterranean, slowed down the Ottoman expansion but could not stop it.
Cannons also appeared in naval warfare.
One of the most important battles of World War II proved to be a turning point of the War in the Pacific
The British Royal Fleet led by Admiral Lord Nelson defeated the combined Franco-Spanish fleet in the naval battle during the Napoleonic Wars.
Place the sites of notable battles in history on a blank map.
The leader of the Ottoman Empire was the Sultan, the lord of life and death.
Today called Dubrovnik, this Croatian city is known for its spectacular architecture and beautiful location.
In the battle fought at the shores of Hellas, Octavian won a decisive victory over Marcus Antonius.
The naval battle fought by the British Navy against the German Navy was the largest sea battle in World War I.
Medieval Venice owed its wealth to its flourishing maritime trade.
The battle ended with the victory of William the Conqueror´s Norman army over the English.
The devastating defeat of the Hungarians in the battle against the Mongolians was the result of several bad decisions.
Hungarian King Władysław I died in the lost battle fought against the Ottomans.
Scipio’s Roman army defeated Hannibal’s Punic army in the battle fought during the 2nd Punic war in Africa.
A major battle in the history of Ottoman-Hungarian wars in the 15th century. Its memory is preserved by the noon bells that are still rung every day in...
The tactics of the Hungarian light cavalry included pretending to retreat, tempting their opponents into breaking their ranks, after which the Hungarians...
Hans Christian Andersen´s legendary character comes to life in a diorama.