Archeological excavation (pit house)

Archeological excavation (pit house)

Large construction sites provide archeologists searching for artifacts with a great deal of work.

History

Keywords

archeology, Archaeological excavation, archeologist, deposit, excavation, tomb, reconstruction, culture, church, layer

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Questions

  • Which field of research is the most closely linked to archeology?
  • What is archeology?
  • Which is not part of an archeologist´s work?
  • Where are artifacts usually put on display?
  • Who are the experts who clean and repair artifacts?
  • Which one is a typical archeologist´s tool?
  • Is it true that archeologists often have to work on underwater sites?
  • Is it true that artifacts found in the oceans can be kept by the finder?
  • Which is the most interesting object for an archeologist to discover?
  • Who examine bones and skeletons excavated by archeologists?
  • Who was NOT an archeologist?
  • Which is not a typical tool of archeologists?
  • Which famous archeological site was discovered by Heinrich Schliemann?
  • Which famous archeological site was discovered by Howard Carter?
  • Which is not a typical tool of archeologists?
  • Where do archeological excavations have an important role?

Scenes

Archeological site

  • - On field surveys, archeologists find and explore excavation sites and collect artifacts from the surface.

  • archeologist

  • archeologist

  • draftsman

Narration

Archeologists study the past of civilizations through artifacts. Their work can be divided into four major phases.

First they look for areas where artifacts can be found underground (or under water). This is not always simple. The color of the ground is seen from helicopters, small pieces of artifacts are found on the ground, and knowledge of the age in question may also help to locate sites. Major construction sites also provide archeologists with explorable areas.

In the second phase the upper layers of soil are removed, first with machines then with hand tools. Once removed, the soil is also carefully examined. In the final stage of this phase, it is carefully analyzed with small brushes, to avoid causing damage.

In the third phase archeologists process the findings. They meticulously and accurately document each artifact together with their original location within the site. They also take notes and photographs and make drawings. Experts attempt to reconstruct the original condition of the site and the cultural setting of the inhabitants. Another interesting part of archeological work is done by restorers and anthropologists. The former bring artifacts back to their original condition, while the latter examine human bones found at the sites.

In the final phase the excavated and restored artifacts are shown to the public in museums.

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