Aniline (C₆H₅NH₂)

Aniline (C₆H₅NH₂)

The simplest aromatic amine. Its scientific name is phenylamine.

Chemistry

Keywords

aniline, phenylamine, amine, nitrogen-containing organic compound, aromatic amine, toxic, inorganic chemistry, chemistry

Related items

Scenes

Aniline (C₆H₅NH₂)

Information

Molar mass: 93.13 g/mol

Melting point: -6.3 °C (20.66 °F)

Boiling point: 184.68 °C (364.42 °F)

Density: 1.02173 g/cm³ (0.03691 lb/in³)

Properties

Aniline is a colorless, toxic liquid with a characteristic smell. Exposure to light and air turns it yellow, then brown. It burns with a sooty flame. It dissolves well in oils, fats, alcohol, ether and carbon disulfide.

Aniline is a weak base, it forms salts with strong acids.

Occurrence and production

Aniline occurs in coal tar.

It is produced during the reduction of nitrobenzene, which can be done with iron particles and hydrochloric acid or with hydrogen activated by a catalyst.

Uses

Aniline is used in the production of medicine, sulfonamides and processing aids in the rubber industry.

Related items

Benzene (C₆H₆)

Benzene is the simplest aromatic hydrocarbon.

Benzoic acid (C₆H₅COOH)

The simplest of the aromatic carboxylic acids.

Styrene (vinyl benzene) (C₈H₈)

A colorless liquid with an odor similar to benzene. The monomer of polystyrene.

Covalent bonds in benzene molecules

In benzene there are sigma bonds and delocalized pi bonds between carbon atoms.

Naphtalene (C₁₀H₈)

The simplest polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon.

Imidazole (C₃H₄N₂)

A biologically and practically important organic compound.

Molecule exercise VII (Organic nitrogen compounds)

An exercise about the groups and structure of organic nitrogen compounds.

Phenol (C₆H₅OH)

The simplest of the aromatic hydroxy compounds.

Pyridine (C₅H₅N)

A basic heterocyclic organic compound; a colorless, pungent toxic liquid.

Pyrimidine (C₄H₄N₂)

A heterocyclic organic compound, its derivatives are thymine, cytosine and uracil.

Added to your cart.