The simplest aromatic amine. Its scientific name is phenylamine.
aniline, phenylamine, amine, nitrogen-containing organic compound, aromatic amine, toxic, inorganic chemistry, chemistry
Molar mass: 93.13 g/mol
Melting point: -6.3 °C (20.66 °F)
Boiling point: 184.68 °C (364.42 °F)
Density: 1.02173 g/cm³ (0.03691 lb/in³)
Aniline is a colorless, toxic liquid with a characteristic smell. Exposure to light and air turns it yellow, then brown. It burns with a sooty flame. It dissolves well in oils, fats, alcohol, ether and carbon disulfide.
Aniline is a weak base, it forms salts with strong acids.
Occurrence and production
Aniline occurs in coal tar.
It is produced during the reduction of nitrobenzene, which can be done with iron particles and hydrochloric acid or with hydrogen activated by a catalyst.
Aniline is used in the production of medicine, sulfonamides and processing aids in the rubber industry.
Benzene is the simplest aromatic hydrocarbon.
The simplest of the aromatic carboxylic acids.
A colorless liquid with an odor similar to benzene. The monomer of polystyrene.
In benzene there are sigma bonds and delocalized pi bonds between carbon atoms.
The simplest polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon.
A biologically and practically important organic compound.
An exercise about the groups and structure of organic nitrogen compounds.
The simplest of the aromatic hydroxy compounds.
A basic heterocyclic organic compound; a colorless, pungent toxic liquid.
A heterocyclic organic compound, its derivatives are thymine, cytosine and uracil.