Aniline (C₆H₅NH₂)

Aniline (C₆H₅NH₂)

The simplest aromatic amine. Its scientific name is phenylamine.



aniline, phenylamine, amine, nitrogen-containing organic compound, aromatic amine, toxic, inorganic chemistry, chemistry

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Aniline (C₆H₅NH₂)


Molar mass: 93.13 g/mol

Melting point: -6.3 °C (20.66 °F)

Boiling point: 184.68 °C (364.42 °F)

Density: 1.02173 g/cm³ (0.03691 lb/in³)


Aniline is a colorless, toxic liquid with a characteristic smell. Exposure to light and air turns it yellow, then brown. It burns with a sooty flame. It dissolves well in oils, fats, alcohol, ether and carbon disulfide.

Aniline is a weak base, it forms salts with strong acids.

Occurrence and production

Aniline occurs in coal tar.

It is produced during the reduction of nitrobenzene, which can be done with iron particles and hydrochloric acid or with hydrogen activated by a catalyst.


Aniline is used in the production of medicine, sulfonamides and processing aids in the rubber industry.

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Imidazole (C₃H₄N₂)

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Phenol (C₆H₅OH)

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