Ancient Greek house

Ancient Greek house

The average house in Ancient Greece had a rectangular, geometrical floor plan and two stories.

History

Keywords

lifestyle, dwelling, room, Greek, Hellas, Greece, antiquity, geometric layout, polis, settlement structure, kitchen, aula, gate, Zeus, reception room, bathroom, cityscape, street

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Questions

  • Is it true that houses in ancient Greek settlements were organized in streets?
  • How many stories did Greek houses usually consist of?
  • What was the average area of ancient Greek houses in the 4th century B.C.?

Scenes

Houses in Ancient Hellas

Average houses in Ancient Greece usually had a rectangular floor plan and a geometric layout. In urban areas, houses were organized in streets, while in rural areas, houses were built standing alone, similarly to country houses in Ancient Rome.

Most of the buildings consisted of a single story or two stories. The size, exterior decoration and interior furnishing depended on how wealthy the owner was.

Houses were built from bricks and wood, roofs were covered with clay tiles.

According to the most typical floor plan, the entryway lead from the gate to the aula, a large central courtyard. This was the center of family life. It was surrounded by a covered, columned corridor on three sides. Rooms opened from this corridor. There was often a shop or workshop facing the street as a part of the house.

Narration

Besides rural villages, the people of Ancient Greece typically also lived in cities. Houses in cities were organized in streets. Most of the buildings consisted of a single story or two stories. Houses were built of bricks and wood, walls were whitewashed and roofs were covered with clay tiles. The size, exterior decoration and interior furnishing depended on how wealthy the owner was.

Houses in Ancient Greece usually had a rectangular floor plan and a geometric layout. A large gate led to the aula, a large central courtyard. This was the center of family life. It was surrounded by a covered, columned corridor on three sides. Rooms were accessed from this corridor.

The reception room was situated on the ground floor of the building. This was where the master of the house received his (male) guests. The kitchen and the pantry were also situated on the ground floor, next to the reception room. Other rooms on the ground floor included the bathroom, the slaves' quarters and other storage rooms.

Men's rooms (andronitis) and women's and girls' rooms (amphithalamos) were situated upstairs. The rooms were accessible through doors that opened from the corridor.

The furniture ranged from the simplest to the most luxurious. Interior decoration depended on how wealthy the owner of the house was. An average bedroom was furnished with a bed, a small table and a stool or a chair with a low backrest. Furniture was made of wood. Clothes and valuables were stored in wooden chests placed on the floor. Rooms were heated with metal pots containing glowing charcoal.

Houses in Ancient Greece were designed to provide the most practical and comfortable conditions for families. The streets and squares in the cities were often decorated with trees and bushes.

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