Alesia (France, 1st century BC)

Alesia (France, 1st century BC)

The Gaul city Alesia, defended by Vercingetorix, was besieged by the Roman forces of Julius Caesar in 52 BC.



Alesia, Gallic, Vercingetorix, rampart, province, Julius Caesar, Romans, Roman rampart system, Római Birodalom, T. Labienus, siege engine, siege ring, siege, siege tower, siege machine, Rebilus, Reginus, France, city, line of defense, fortress, cavalry, camp, infantry, antiquity, tribe, general, battle, history, republic, ditch, moat, castling

Related items


  • inner line of defense
  • outer line of defense

  • line of defense (loricae)

  • line of defense (loricae)


Alesia, a city located in what is today France, was the ancient center of a Gallic tribe. In 52 BC, it was here that one of the most interesting battles in military history unfolded between the Romans and the Gauls. In addition to modern archeological excavations and aerial photos of the area, we also learn about details of the battle from Roman general Julius Caesar in his account of ´The Gallic Wars.´

After laying siege to the Gallic fortress, the Romans formed a siege ring around Alesia. Built over six weeks, the rampart system included an inner ring of 15 km (9.321 mi) in circumference and an outer ring of 21 km (13.05 mi) in circumference. The rampart system served two main functions: it made it impossible for the Gauls to break out of Alesia and, at the same time, it prevented the Gallic relief force from taking the Romans by surprise.

The structure of the rampart system was fairly complex. Iron hooked spikes, sharpened stakes placed in pits, sharp poles, moats and pointed branches made entry or exit impossible.

In this way, it did not take much effort for the Romans and their siege machines to set fire to the Gallic fortress defended by the legendary general Vercingetorix. The long battle ended with Ceasar´s victory. Soon afterwards, Gaul became a Roman province.

Related items

Battle of Alesia (52 BC)

The Gaul city Alesia, which was defended by Vercingetorix, was besieged by the Roman forces of Julius Caesar in 52 BC.

Ancient Roman infantry tactics

Members of the ancient Roman Legions were the masters of military tactics.

Ancient Roman siege engines

Ancient Roman conquerors had effective siege engines developed for attacking fortifications.

Roman soldier (1st century B.C.)

Mercenaries of the ancient Roman army were well-trained and well equipped with the most up-to-date weapons.

Ancient Roman military camp

As the Roman Empire expanded, military camps were established on the newly conquered territories.

Arch of Titus (Rome, 1st century)

The Arch of Triumph was built at the entrance of the Forum Romanum, to commemorate Emperor Titus’ victory in the Siege of Jerusalem.

Historical topography (battles, universal history)

Place the sites of notable battles in history on a blank map.

Provinces and settlements of Ancient Rome

This animation presents the history of Ancient Rome throughout the centuries.

Roman gladiators (2nd century)

Gladiators were combatants who entertained audiences in fights against each other or wild animals in ancient Roman arenas.

Clothing of Barbarians (5th century)

Clothing reflects the lifestyle and culture of the given era and region.

Legendary ancient empires

Numerous legendary empires were built (and destroyed) in the course of history.

Theater of Pompey (Rome, 1st c. B.C.)

The building commissioned by Pompey the Great was the first permanent theater in Ancient Rome.

Added to your cart.