Acetic acid (ethanoic acid) (CH₃COOH)

Acetic acid (ethanoic acid) (CH₃COOH)

One of the products of the oxidation of ethanol.

Chemistry

Keywords

acetic acid, ethanoic acid, vinegar, carboxylic acid, carboxyl group, fermentation, glacial acetic acid, acetates, oxidation, ethanol, organic chemistry, chemistry

Related items

Scenes

Acetic acid, ethanoic acid CH₃COOH

Information

Molar mass: 60.05 g/mol

Melting point: 16.6 °C (61.88 °F)

Boiling point: 117.9 °C (244.22 °F)

Density: 1.0492 g/cm³ (0.0379 lb/in³)

Heat of combustion: -874.2 kJ/mol

Properties

Acetic acid is a colorless liquid with a pungent odor. It dissolves well in water. It is a weak acid.

Water-free acetic acid freezes below 16 °C (60.8 °F), so it is commonly called glacial acetic acid. Its salts are called acetates.

Occurrence and production

Acetic acid is often present in fermentation, decay and oxidation processes. The acetyl group is a residue anion of acetic acid, from which our bodies can form several compounds. Acetyl groups break down into carbon dioxide and water in ATP-producing processes.

Acetic acid is produced during the fermentation of alcoholic liquids by acetic acid bacteria. It is a secondary oxidation product of ethanol.

Uses

In addition to the food industry, large quantities of acetic acid are used in the production of synthetic fibers, dyes and medicines.

Related items

Formic acid (methanoic acid) (HCOOH)

Formic acid is the simplest carboxylic acid.

Acetaldehyde (ethanal) (CH₃CHO)

An aldehyde which is an important raw material and intermediate product in industry.

Acetone (C₃H₆O)

The simplest representative of ketones.

Ethane (C₂H₆)

The second member in the homologous series of straight-chain alkanes.

Ethanol (ethyl alcohol) (C₂H₅OH)

The best known alcohol, important in the food industry.

Ethyl acetate (C₄H₈O₂)

One of the most important esters, produced by the reaction of ethanol and acetic acid.

Methane (CH₄)

The first member in the homologous series of alkanes.

Molecule exercise V (Oxo compounds)

An exercise about the groups and structure of oxo compounds.

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