Abbey of Saint Gall (11th century)

Abbey of Saint Gall (11th century)

The building complex was one of the most important Benedictine abbeys for centuries.

History

Keywords

Saint Gall, monastery, abbey, St. Gallus, Othmar, World Heritage, Benedictine Order, Benedictine, Roman style, religious order, church, architecture, building, cloister, blood-letting house

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Questions

  • Where is the center of the Catholic Church?
  • Which city became the center of Eastern Christianity?

Scenes

Narration

The Abbey of Saint Gall is located in the Swiss city of St. Gallen. The abbey is named after St. Gallus (St. Gall), who was forced to flee to this region in the 7th century. Othmar, who was entrusted with the care of the saint's relics, founded a school here in 747 and thus laid the foundations for the Benedictine abbey.

Run by the Benedictine monks, the institution was granted the status of Imperial Abbey by the Frankish ruler in the early 9th century.
The monastery soon became a widely known and respected center of science and art.

The later centuries proved to be a turbulent period for the abbey. It is only the undercroft with the tombs of the abbots that has remained of the medieval, Romanesque style complex. The monumental Baroque cathedral and monastery were built in the 18th century.

In 1983, the institution was rightly inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List as a significant cultural site (primarily due to the library there with its exceptional collection). The library at St. Gall hosts one of the richest (and most valuable) medieval holdings in the world. Of the nearly 160 thousand books, we can find 500 handwritten works that are over 1,000 years old.

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